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5 Steps to Stop Projection in its Tracks

I can be lazy sometimes. I procrastinate. I lose stuff occasionally.


I’m hard on myself about these things. Others seem to notice and they constantly tell me not to be. I know their hearts are in the right place, but I expect a lot from myself and I don’t think that’s a bad thing. However, there comes a point where my self-esteem can’t take any more criticism.

Unfortunately, when I reach the point where I can’t beat myself down any more, others suffer. My son gets a lecture on the finer points of room cleaning followed by a dissertation on being responsible for the whereabouts of his sneakers. My wife and I love to talk about soda cans, end tables, and underwear. (inside joke alert) Meanwhile, I go back to my own bad habits and nothing changes except for some newly hurt feelings.

A while back I decided to end this cycle. My family didn’t deserve what they were getting and my self-esteem didn’t deserve my repeated attacks. To end the cycle, I had to give my behavior a name, try to understand it, and then figure out how to stop.

Introducing Projection – The Gift That Keeps on Taking

The name was one of the most common defense mechanisms – projection. Courtesy of, it’s formal definition follows…

A defense mechanism people subconsciously employ in order to cope with difficult feelings or emotions. Psychological projection involves projecting undesirable feelings or emotions onto someone else, rather than admitting to or dealing with the unwanted feelings. 

I started picking apart the definition at “undesirable feelings or emotions.” My undesirable feelings were all related to pain and they stemmed from laziness, procrastination, and lack of responsibility. The emotions that followed from the pain?




It became clear in a hurry. These feelings and emotions were unwanted, hated even. My subconscious would do almost anything to avoid or get rid of them. No wonder I was flipping the script by looking for laziness, procrastination and a lack of responsibility in the people I spent the most time with.

With the name in hand and an understanding of why I was doing it, I needed to stop it. But there was another question to answer. Before we can end any bad habit, we have to know what need it fulfills. I looked to the 3 basic human emotional needs for an answer.

Validation – the need to feel important, valued, listened to and understood

Security – the need for comfort, safety, and to preserve the status quo

Excitement – the need for variety, risk, and adventure

There it was at the beginning – validation. When I would assert myself and have discussions with my wife and son I felt important. I felt like the leader of the family putting his foot down. I felt like I would be listened to, agreed with and apologized to.

The other one was just as clear. Excitement. Building up negative emotions inside and releasing them in someone else’s direction was how I fulfilled this need. I was risking getting into a full blown conflict with a loved one and there was a level of excitement that came with it. What would happen? How bad would feelings get hurt?

The First Steps to Stopping Projection

I knew what feelings I was trying to avoid and what needs I was meeting by projecting them onto others so now I needed to create a plan to deal with these emotions before I hurt others. It was unfair for others to suffer from my actions but it would also be unfair to myself to keep these feelings pent up inside.

As I pondered this, the first step became as clear as the nose on my face. Just as athletes study game film to know how to defend their opponents, I needed to be consciously of what situations would most often lead to projection.

Step 1 – Identify the situations that most often lead to projection.

For me, those were situations involving disorder like walking by my son’s room and seeing toys all over the place or looking in my office and seeing papers piled high on my desk. Now that I knew my hot buttons, I could raise my guard and have the best chance to stop projecting before I started.

As soon as the first step became clear to me, the second step followed. Words always begin as thoughts. What if I could catch my feelings in the thought stage and deal with them well before they formed themselves into words?

Step 2 – Upon entering high risk situations, be mindful of your thoughts.

I tend to have knee-jerk reactions to certain things. These reactions feel instinctual, like there’s no opportunity to think before acting. If you’re the same way, it’s important to practice the first two steps together. With a heightened awareness, you can slow down your mind long enough to think before you act.

Projection – I’m Callin’ You Out!

Now I can be mindful of my thoughts until the cows come home but how do I keep them from becoming words directed at others? In other words, how do I “deal” with them instead of holding them inside?

Thoughts pop in and pop out of our heads all day long. For example, a thought will pop into my head about something I need to do today and then it’s gone. The day ends and I forgot to do it. Most of the time when the thought shows up, I’m not in a position to do anything about it. Wrong place, wrong time, etc. I combatted this by using my smartphone’s calendar to remember appointments and events and Evernote to create lists of things I needed to do.

With projective thoughts there’s no need to write them down or save them for later. They can be dealt with in the moment, as soon as they appear. Here’s what this looks like…

Someone tells you they forgot to do something they’d agreed to do. They are normally very reliable but everyone has a hiccup once in a while. The thought comes into your head, “How could they do that? I was counting on them. Now what am I going to do?” Before verbalizing it, do these two things…

Step 3 – Call out your thoughts for what they are.

Say to yourself, “I have issues with following through. I’m embarrassed by them and beat myself up over them. Now I’m about to project my own issues onto someone else who doesn’t deserve to be treated that way.” That’s consciously giving projection a name and admitting what you see in someone else is actually something undesirable you see in yourself.

Step 4 – Identify the need projection would be meeting

Ask yourself, “What need would I be meeting if I lashed out at this person? Would I feel important? Would it be exciting to confront them? Would I feel more comfortable inciting a conflict because it’s what I’m used to doing in this situation?”

It’s powerful to know what emotional needs your behaviors meet. Armed with this information you can choose a number of alternatives – constructive ones instead of ones that create conflict and hurt feelings. That brings us to the final step…

Step 5 – Discover alternative behaviors that meet the same need

Let’s say projecting onto someone meets your need for validation. What else could you do that validates you but doesn’t create unnecessary conflict or hurt feelings? How about forgiveness? The inner validation from forgiving and moving on is powerful and life changing. If projecting excites you, what else would be just as exciting? Problem solving? What’s more exciting than finding a creative way to turn a negative into a positive?

If you’re thinking, “That’s a lot of steps to go through while I’m in the middle of the situation,” I understand. The first couple of times you apply these steps may be a little clunky. Give yourself permission to struggle with it at first. With practice, going through the steps will become an automatic response.

Projection hurts the ones we care about and takes accountability away from where it should lie, with us. We can be responsible for our actions and committed to growth and improvement without beating ourselves up. Use these steps to keep yourself from projecting and tell me how they’re working out in the comments below.


Todd K Marsha is a Catholic husband and father living in suburban Kansas City. Through his writing charism he tells the powerful story of his conversion to the faith, his triumphs through God's grace, and his continuing struggle to live a more Christ-like life.



  1. Susan Nazarewicz

    April 27, 2021 at 10:20 pm

    Thank you for this wonderful article!

  2. Susan

    April 3, 2021 at 11:22 am

    Excellent essay!

  3. Karen

    March 15, 2021 at 4:25 pm

    Thanks for the insight and suggestions Toddvery helpful in current situation I am dealing with.

  4. Connie Kadansky

    June 9, 2018 at 8:52 am

    Thank you for an exceptionally well-written and introspective step-by-step process regarding projection. Whew! You’re right. It may be clunky at first, however, very powerful learning.

  5. Kay

    December 7, 2017 at 10:48 am

    Thank you for this article. I’m struggling with a relative that came to live me a few months ago so she could focus on staying sober and try to save up some money. It has not been easy for anyone in the household. She is messy, lazy, and can’t keep a job for long. I feel like exploding most of the time and try to avoid her now. I don’t want to explode and hurt her. I work full-time and do not have enough time to keep my house as tidy as I want so I think I’m projecting my frustration onto her about cleanliness. She is a slob but I think I’m overeacting. There are other reasons that she drives me crazy but I won’t go into everything. How do I let go and forgive myself so that I can stop feeling so angry about so many small things? Forgiveness is hard.

    • Todd Marsha

      December 17, 2017 at 6:46 am

      Hi Kay,

      Forgiveness is hard!

      When you tolerate her perceived transgressions, you feel like you’re letting her get away with it. Like you’re becoming a doormat.

      You’re not, though. To forgive her is to accept her for who she is. Isn’t acceptance what we’re all looking for?

      Instead of staying away from her, embrace her. Love on her. Appreciate her for who she is. From that closeness, you’ll have so much more influence and then you’ll be able to speak freely about expectations, from a place of love and support.

      I hope this helps.

  6. Todd Marsha

    March 6, 2017 at 9:28 pm

    Here’s a comment a reader sent to my Contact Me page. I’m grateful Laura benefited from this article…

    During a very difficult time in my life, I started having trouble coping day to day. I was either completely stressed out, angry, sad, resentful and almost always ready for a conflict. I couldn’t figure out what was going on and how to deal with it. Because I don’t have the resources to go to counseling, I turned to a trusted friend (let’s call him Mike) that I have a lot of interaction with every day. He is also my boyfriends best friend. The irony here is that he was on the receiving end of my “craziness” as was my boyfriend. Basically I was slowly destroying two of my closest relationships while also guilty of “rallying” other friends by complaining and expressing anger about my boyfriend and Mike. It was really getting ugly. I had to stop. But I didn’t know what to do or where to turn
    So I turned to Mike. He told me based on what he sees on a daily basis is me projecting onto others and he gave me specific examples. At first I resented what he said and actually used it to fuel my “bad behavior”. The next time we talked and he said, “I’m going to say it again; you are projecting”. This time it started to make sense and when he used an example that had just happened a few nights ago, I started to “see the light” and understand what he was talking about. He didn’t have much more to say about it and our conversation turned to other things like breathing patterns to relieve stress, the importance of good nutrition especially when your stressed and anxious, etc.

    With the word projection now available to me as a behavior I am exercising, I started to do some research. I have an advanced degree in behavioral science and adult education so I am very familiar with the theory but I had never applied it to myself. I needed to research and learn more about this theory and learn tools for which I could use to improve my behavior and stop the “knee-jerk” reactions I tend to rely on. That is when I came across Todd Marsha’s article.

    All I can say it was a monumental find! Although prior to reading Todd’s article, I had read other information and it made sense and strengthened my understanding of projection, Todd’s article and his experiences and examples “spoke” to me. I could relate and some of the experiences were so close to mine, it felt like it was a handbook written just for me! It gave me tools to overcome this behavior and a deeper understanding of how projection “looks”. So this is a lengthy THANK YOU to Todd as well as a chance for telling my story and gaining yet a deeper awareness of myself by writing it down.

    Thanks for reading!

    Thanks again Todd,


  7. Todd K Marsha

    December 30, 2015 at 6:40 am

    Thank you Laquana. I’m glad this article was meaningful for you. Have a Happy New Year!

  8. Laquana Booker

    December 29, 2015 at 2:16 pm

    This is the most POWERFUL article I ever read in my LIFE!! Thank you so much for sharing your experience. This article is sooooooooooooooooooo POWERFUL! GOD BLESS YOU!!! THANK YOU THANK YOU THANK YOU!!

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